Flying Scotsman is the most famous steam locomotive in the World. Built in 1923, it has since run approximately 2.5 million miles and will celebrate its 75th birthday in 1998. The year after building, Flying Scotsman was exhibited at the British Empire Exhibition, Wembley and in 1928 hauled the first non-stop 'Flying Scotsman' train from King's Cross to Edinburgh - the longest non-stop run in the World.
Flying Scotsman a unique corridor tender was fitted to enable train crews to change en-route without the train stopping. In 1934, Flying Scotsman became the first locomotive to authentically achieve 100mph in the course of a test run from Leeds to King's Cross to assess the feasibility of accelerated schedules
Flying Scotsman was rebuilt in 1947 with a high pressure boiler and in 1959 with a Kylchap double chimney to improve the steaming capability of the boiler with inferior quality coal. Flying Scotsman was withdrawn from service by BR in 1963 after a hard 40 year working life and was purchased by Alan Pegler who maintained the locomotive privately for operating special trains on BR. Flying Scotsman toured America from 1969 to 1972 and was purchased in 1973 by Sir William McAlpine who continued to maintain the locomotive privately for hauling special trains over BR lines and on private railways.
In 1988/89 Flying Scotsman toured Australia during the course of which a World record non-stop run for steam was achieved of 422 miles from Parkes to Broken Hill in New South Wales. In 1996 Flying Scotsman and a train of Pullman cars were purchased by Dr Tony Marchington who took on the complex and very costly responsibility of restoring the locomotive and train back to the highest standard of operational condition.